Limonia acidissima L.

Kannada Name : Bela, Baloola
Common Name : Wood apple
Family Name : Rutaceae
Scientific Name : Limonia acidissima
Species Type : Indigenous
Phenology : Deciduous
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : May - July
Fruiting Period : November - December
Origin : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka


The fruit has astringent properties. The leaves contain tannins and an essential oil. They are astringent and are used internally, often combined with milk and sugar, in the treatment of indigestion, flatulence, diarrhoea, dysentery (especially in children) and haemorrhoids. An oil derived from the crushed leaves is applied on itchy skins


Medium sized, deciduous trees, up to 20 m high. Bark dark grey or black, vertically fissured, spines sharp and straight. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, 1-3 in a cluster; leaflets 5-7, opposite, sessile, obovate, glabrous, pellucid-punctate, coriaceous, base cuneate, aoex obtuse, margin entire, crushed leaf aromatic. Inflorescence an axillary cyme. Flowers polygamous, dull red, 1.3 cm across, pubescent, petals 5. Fruit a berry, 5-7.6 cm across, globose, whitish-brown, woody, rind hard. Seed many, wooly, embedded in sour pulp.