Litchi chinensis Sonn.

Kannada Name : -
Common Name : Litchi
Family Name : Sapindaceae
Scientific Name : Litchi chinensis
Species Type : Exotic
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : None
Fruiting Period : None
Origin : China


The fruit, its peel and the seed are used in traditional medicine; decoctions of the root, bark and flowers are used as a gargle to alleviate throat ailments. The fruit peel is used in the treatment of diarrhoea. Seeds are used as an anodyne in neuralgic disorders and orchitis


Medium sized evergreen tree, 6-12 m tall. Bark grey-black, branches brownish-red. Leaves pinnate, alternate; leaflets in 2 to 4 pairs, ovate or ovate-lanceolate , glabrous, glaucous beneath, base cuneate, apex acuminate, margin entire. Inflorescence a terminal panicle. Flowers bisexual, white, yellow or green, fragrant. Fruit a drupe, globose to subglobose, red or pink-red when mature. Seed 1, dark brown, covered by fleshy aril.