Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

Kannada Name : Seeme hunase
Common Name : Madras Thorn
Family Name : Fabaceae
Scientific Name : Pithecellobium dulce
Species Type : Exotic
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : December - February
Fruiting Period : February - March
Origin : Mexico


The leaves can be used as a plaster to allay pain even from venereal sores, and can relieve convulsions. A paste made from the leaves is applied externally to treat muscular swellings caused by some inflammations. The bark of the root is a good remedy for diarrhoea and dysentery. The fruit pulp is taken orally to stop blood flow in case of haemoptysis. The seed juice is inhaled into the nostrils against chest congestion and pulverised seeds are ingested for internal ulcers.


Evergreen trees, 10‐15 m tall. Branches often pendulous; branchlets armed with spinescent stipules. Leaves pinnate, alternate, pinnae 1 pair; glands at junction of pinnae and leaflets; leaflets sessile, 1 pair per pinna, elliptic or obovate-elliptic, glabrous, base slightly oblique, apex obtuse or emarginate, margin entire. Inflorescence pedunculate heads, aggregated in terminal panicles. Flower bisexual, greenish-white. Fruit a pod, green or reddish-brown, curved into a circle, with white to pink pulpy aril. Seeds dark brown, shiny, 5-9, ovoid-ellipsoid, hard, with pleurogram.