Annona muricata L.

Kannada Name : Mullu ram phal
Common Name : Soursop, Graviola
Family Name : Annonaceae
Scientific Name : Annona muricata
Species Type : Exotic
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : All year
Fruiting Period : All year
Origin : Tropical America, Caribbean


The pulp is also used to make fruit nectar, smoothies, fruit juice drinks, as well as candies, sorbets, and ice cream flavorings. The leaves are usually boiled to make tea. It is believed to have medicinal benefits such as for preventing cancer and anti-inflammation. Powder of dried leaves and sap from fresh ones are useful in destroying vermin. A powder or oil from the seeds has been used to kill lice and bedbugs. All tree parts have insecticidal properties and can be used, with fruit as bait, to kill fish.


Small evergreen tree, up to 10 m tall. Leaves simple, alternate, oblong-ovate, dark green and glabrous above, pale green and slightly pubescent below, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescence axillary, 1 to 2 flowered. Flower bisexual, petals 6, thick, yellowish, pubescent. Fruit dark green, ovoid, echinate, pulp white, juicy and aromatic. Seeds brownish.