Tectona grandis L.f.

Kannada Name : Tegu, Saagavaani
Common Name : Teak wood tree
Family Name : Lamiaceae
Scientific Name : Tectona grandis
Species Type : Indigenous
Phenology : Deciduous
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : June - August
Fruiting Period : November - January
Origin : Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar


The bark has been used as an astringent and in the treatment of bronchitis. The flowers are diuretic. They are used to treat biliousness, bronchitis and urinary disorders. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boat decks. It is also used for cutting boards, indoor flooring, countertops and as a veneer for indoor finishings.


Large deciduous tree, up to 40 m tall, younger parts densely pubescent with stellate hairs. Leaves simple, opposite, broadly elliptic, glabrescent, shining-green above, paler and tomentose beneath, coriaceous, base attenuate, apex acute or shortly acuminate, margin entire to repand-dentate. Inflorescence a terminal cyme. Flowers white, rarely pinkish, bisexual. Fruit a drupe, subglobose to tetragonally flattened, tomentose, usually slightly 4-lobed at the apex, epicarp spongy, endocarp stony; seeds 1-4, oblong.