Adenanthera pavonina L.

Kannada Name : Aane gulaganji, Manjuti
Common Name : Red bead tree
Family Name : Fabaceae
Scientific Name : Adenanthera pavonina
Species Type : Exotic
Phenology : Deciduous
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : March - June
Fruiting Period : May - August
Origin : China


This tree is used for making soap and a red dye can be obtained from the wood. The wood, which is extremely hard, is also used in boat-building, making furniture and for firewood. A decoction of the young leaves and bark is used to treat diarrhoea. Also, the ground seeds are used to treat inflammation.


Medium to large deciduous tree, up to 15m tall. Leaves bipinnate, oval-oblong, with an asymmetric base and blunt apex, dull green on topside and blue-green underside. Flowers borne in narrow spike-like racemes at branch ends, small, creamy yellow, fragrant; each flower star shaped with 5 petals. Pods long and narrow, with slight constrictions between seeds, dark brown, turning black upon ripening, leathery, curve and twist upon dehiscence to reveal 8-12 hard-coated, showy, lens shaped, vivid scarlet seeds.