Citrus × limon (L.) Osbeck

Kannada Name : Nimbe hannu mara
Common Name : Lemon
Family Name : Rutaceae
Scientific Name : Citrus × limon
Species Type : Indigenous
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : All year
Fruiting Period : All year
Origin : Northeast India, Myanmar, China


The essential oil from the skin of the fruit is strongly rubefacient and when taken internally in small doses has stimulating and carminative properties. The fruit is rich in vitamin C which helps the body to fight off infections and also to prevent or treat scurvy.


Evergreen, spinous shrubs or small trees, 3-6 m tall. Spines axillary. Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic to ovate, glandular, base obtuse or rounded, apex subacute or obtuse, margin serrulate, petioles narrowly winged. Inflorescence clusters or solitary, axillary. Flowers bisexual, white, strongly scented. Fruit a hesperidium, globose to elongated, glandualr, yellow when ripe, with a leathery rind or peel.