Crescentia cujete L.

Kannada Name : Sokeburude
Common Name : Calabash tree
Family Name : Bignoniaceae
Scientific Name : Crescentia cujete
Species Type : Exotic
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Not known
Flowering Period : All year
Fruiting Period : All year
Origin : Africa, Central and South America


The juice of the fruit is used to treat diarrhoea, pneumonia and intestinal irregularity. The leaf is chewed to treat toothache. The leaves are used as a wash to cleanse dirty wounds.


Small, evergreen tree, up to 10 m tall. Leaves simple, sessile, clustered at ends, obovate to oblanceolate, alternate, chartaceous, glabrous above, pubescent below, base attenuate, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescence one or two cauliflorous flowers. Flower bisexual, yellowish-white with musty odour. Fruit a pepo, spherical to ovoid, up to 30 cm long, green; seeds small, scattered throughout the pulp.