Ficus microcarpa L.f.

Kannada Name : Kirigoli, Kirugoli
Common Name : Chinese banyan, Curtain fig
Family Name : Moraceae
Scientific Name : Ficus microcarpa
Species Type : Exotic
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Least concern
Flowering Period : March - May
Fruiting Period : March - May
Origin : Tropical and sub tropical region of Asia.


bark is used therapeutically in the treatment of raktapitta (bleeding) doshas, ulcers, skin diseases, burning sensation, inflammation, and oedema.


Evergreen trees, 15-25 m tall, crown wide, bark dark gray. Branches producing rust-colored aerial roots when old. Leaves simple, alternate, narrowly elliptic, glabrous to puberulous, base cuneate, apex obtuse to subacute, rarely retuse, margin entire; basal lateral veins long. Figs axillary on leafy branchlets or on leafless older branchlets, paired, yellow to slightly red when mature, depressed globose, inside with a few short bristles among flowers, sessile. Male, gall, and female flowers within same fig. Male flowers: scattered, sessile or pedicellate; filament as long as anther. Gall and female flowers: sepals 3, broadly ovate; style lateral; stigma short, clavate. Achenes ovoid.