Ficus religiosa L.

Kannada Name : Arali mara
Common Name : Sacred fig
Family Name : Moraceae
Scientific Name : Ficus religiosa
Species Type : Indigenous
Phenology : Deciduous
Conservation Status : Least concern
Flowering Period : November - December
Fruiting Period : April - May
Origin : Indian subcontinent


Ficus religiosa is used in traditional medicine for about fifty types of disorders including asthma, diabetes, diarrhea, epilepsy, gastric problems, inflammatory disorders, infectious and sexual disorders.


Deciduous or semievergreen trees, 15-25 m tall, epiphytic when young. Bark gray, smooth, exudation milky. Branchlets grayish brown, sparsely pubescent when young. Leaves simple, alternate, leaf blade triangular-ovate, coriaceous, abaxially green, adaxially dark green and shiny, base broadly cuneate to cordate, apex acuminate-caudate, margin entire or undulate. Inflorescence a syconium. Figs axillary on leafy branchlets, paired or solitary, with no internal bristles, red when mature, globose to depressed globose, smooth. Flowers unisexual; male flowers, ostiolar, sessile in one ring; female flowers sessile, brownish, glabrous; gall flowers similar to female. Achenes smooth.