Filicium decipiens (Wight & Arn.) Thwaites

Kannada Name : Kaadu hoovarasi
Common Name : Fern tree
Family Name : Sapindaceae
Scientific Name : Filicium decipiens
Species Type : Endemic
Phenology : Evergreen
Conservation Status : Least concern
Flowering Period : October - December
Fruiting Period : October - December
Origin : Western Ghats


It is traditionally used as anti-diabetic agent in India and Sri Lanka . It also showed a variety of biological activities, such as anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and mollusicicidal activities


Small or medium sized evergreen tree, 4.5‐20 m tall. Bark smooth, whitish. Leaves pinnate, alternate, petiole winged; leaflets 5‐10 pairs, sub-opposite or alternate, lanceolate to linear or narrowly oblong-elliptic, glabrous, base acute, apex acute and minutely emarginate, margin entire, crisped-undulate, resinous when young. Inflorescence a terminal panicle. Flowers polygamous, yellow. Fruit a drupe, ellipsoid or subglobose, 1-1.5 cm long, smooth, dark purple.